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Preventing violent ethnic conflicts

Duration


February – September 2004


Purpose


The purpose of the project was to develop mechanisms to put into practice the legislation concerning the newly-created Proximity Police and its capacity to impose the law in multi-ethnic communities by preventing violent ethnic conflict and ensuring respect of minority rights.


Partners


The Crime Investigation and Prevention Institute of the Inspectorate General of the Romanian Police.


Activities


The activities that were developed in this project focused on:

1. Preparing, editing and printing the Proximity Police Officer’s Manual
First and foremost, the manual addresses the need for a theoretical framework allowing for a constructive approach to conflicts, as well as the need for a link between the theoretical background and the Police Officer’s attributions.

Thus, the Manual is divided into three chapters:
    • the general theory of conflict;
    • a general presentation of the different ways to intervene in and to prevent a conflict;
    • the Proximity Police and its role in the prevention of violence.

The theoretical information is complemented with observations derived from the authors’ experience in conducting various programs in partnership. The Manual was printed in 300 copies and distributed to the participants during the training seminars.

Following the seminars that were organized in Craiova, Timisoara and Galati and due to the success of the manual, the Ministry of Administration and Interior has decided to republish the manual so that it can be distributed to all the Proximity Police Officers in Bucharest and the Police training centres.

2. Preparing and running the training sessions

Three initial training sessions were organized with respect to the prevention of ethnic violence in Craiova, Timisoara and Galati for the Proximity Police and the crime prevention units in 15 counties.

Upon the request of police officers and the Ministry of Administration and Interior, FDC and its partner, the Institute for Crime Investigation and Prevention, have organized five more training sessions for the Proximity Police officers in all the Police precincts in Bucharest, although these were not initially included in the project.
Thus, in total, 173 Police officers have been trained so far.

Results


     • The Proximity Police Officer’s Manual was printed and distributed to all the police precincts at the local level (300 initial copies , and 500 subsequent copies were printed by the Ministry of Administration and Interior using its own budget);
    • 173 officers from the Proximity Police and the prevention departments were trained on the prevention of violence in conflicts and and conflict resolution by mediation; - A typology of the conflicts in which Police officers intervene in most often was established.

Sponsors


The Netherlands Embassy in Romania through the MATRA - KAP GRANT Programme.

We design and develop
training courses that
answer to the specific
requests of the beneficiary.
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Projects

The projects undertaken by FDC were oriented to identifying opportunities for application of mediation in the Romanian context, but also related to the environmental protection field.
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Mediators

Our team of mediators has 11 years of experience in the application of alternative dispute resolution methods, including mediation, both within group disputes and interpersonal ones. The partnership between FDC and the General Inspectorate of Romanian Police had provided to FDC's team, access to a rich and diverse case law.
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