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Developing Local Support for Neutral Intervention in Ethnic Conflicts


01.06.2003 – 31.04.2004


Increasing the local authorities’ support for Rroma specialists trained in preventing and solving conflicts, so as to develop a local self-sustaining capacity to solve specific cultural disputes arising in the Rroma community.


The activities focused on three main chapters:

1. Technical assistance and consultancy.

The mediators were assisted in order to evaluate and analyze the institutional environment in which they work.

FDC and ICPC have facilitated communication between graduates and the heads of the departments of the Regional Police Inspectorates, mayors, deputy mayors and representatives of the Prefect’s Office, thereby smoothing the path towards future collaboration between their various constituencies and the local authorities.
One of the most important aspects of the assistance activity was the facilitation by the FDC team of discussions, which often took the form of neutral intervention in tense situations at the local level.

The consultancy offered by the FDC team focused on three main themes:
    • intervention in conflicts
    • improving the relationship between mediators, the police and the local authorities, in order to prevent and solve conflicts
    • ongoing specialization programs for mediators

2. Local meetings

The meetings took place in cities where the mediators that received training from FDC and its partners in 2000 are significantly active in the areas of conflict prevention and resolution: Bucharest, Galati, Cluj, Tecuci, Timisoara, Botosani, Iasi, Giurgiu and Craiova.
These meetings brought together representatives of the authorities, the police and Rroma organizations in an effort to build a dialogue or to strengthen it, where it already existed. The meetings took the form of workshops and gave the participants an opportunity to express needs, frustrations, suggestions and questions or to make inquiries. Some of the things expressed were constant throughout the majority of these meetings. These workshops have created a favourable setting for presenting the ways in which some Rroma mediators have collaborated or might collaborate with the local authorities, the police and the Rroma. Thus, a cooperation model for preventing local conflicts was promoted.

The mediators had the opportunity to promote their own activity and that of their constituencies, and the professional approach they took in presenting the situations in which they became involved has helped the authorities to better understand the potential roles of the mediator.

3. Networking

The idea of Network was materialized by two activities:
    1. The creation and administration of a forum dedicated to the mediators having graduated from the training program;
    2. The creation of a seminar as a way to exchange opinions, to learn from one another’s experience and to complete one’s knowledge.


    • A general apprenticeship system for the graduates of the conflict resolution and mediation training program;
    • 10 local meetings to promote the instruments of neutral intervention and to establish relationships with the authorities and the local civil society;
    • An increased capacity to cooperate locally in order to address ethnic conflicts by neutral intervention;
    • A three-day seminar for 20 people, which was organized in Gilau, Cluj (November 2003);
    • 2000 Romanian-Rromanes flyers were printed and distributed (the flyers contain general information on mediation);
    • A report was published and distributed in 500 copies both in Romania and abroad;
    • A typology of conflicts in which mediators intervene was established;
    • A network was set up for the graduates of the ethnic conflict prevention and resolution training courses;
    • A forum was created and is administered by CRCR.


Embassy of the United States of America, Public Affairs Section – Bucharest, Romania(see www.usembassy.ro).
We design and develop
training courses that
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The projects undertaken by FDC were oriented to identifying opportunities for application of mediation in the Romanian context, but also related to the environmental protection field.
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Our team of mediators has 11 years of experience in the application of alternative dispute resolution methods, including mediation, both within group disputes and interpersonal ones. The partnership between FDC and the General Inspectorate of Romanian Police had provided to FDC's team, access to a rich and diverse case law.
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